The Niagara Central Airport began its life during the early years of the Second World War, and assisted with the training of R.C.A.F. pilots. The buildings at the time were considered to be "temporary". For many years after the war, the "Welland Airport" trained private pilots and became the home to recreational and commercial fliers and flight training. In 1976, The Welland - Port Colborne Airport Act set the airport in a new direction. Years later, in 2001, Royal Assent was received which changed the name of the airport to The Niagara Central Airport, and established the current configuration of the Airport Commission.
The runways at the airport follow the classic British triangle layout. One runway, 11 - 29, has since been abandoned as a result of disrepair, but is still clearly visible from the air. Gliders will frequently use both the hard surface and the turf adjacent to this runway when winds are favorable. Police services and research organizations have also used the abandoned runway for various activities. Starting in 2018, 11 - 29 will be rehabilitated as a turf runway, with a projected completion in early fall.